Early turbochargers

argatoga

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I'm trying to think of the earliest mass production turbocharged cars (mass production as in not some custom Rollgatti built for Lord Pennychase of Blargoshire).

Off the top of my head I can think of the following:

1962 Oldsmobile Jetfire F-85



1962 Chevy Corvair Monza

 

SchumacherM

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Wikipedia said:
The first production turbocharged automobile engines came from General Motors in 1962. The Y-body Oldsmobile Cutlass Jetfire was fitted with a Garrett AiResearch turbocharger and the Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder with a TRW turbocharger.[8][9][10] At the Paris auto show in 1974, during the height of the oil crisis, Porsche introduced the 911 Turbo ? the world?s first production sports car with an exhaust turbocharger and pressure regulator. This was made possible by the introduction of a wastegate to direct excess exhaust gases away from the exhaust turbine.[11]

The first turbocharged diesel truck was produced by Schweizer Maschinenfabrik Saurer (Swiss Machine Works Saurer) in 1938.[12]

The world's first production turbo diesel automobiles were the Garrett-turbocharged Mercedes 300SD and the Peugeot 604, both introduced in 1978. Today, most automotive diesels are turbocharged.
 

argatoga

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Yes because wikipedia is the tome of all knowledge and is never factualy wrong or incomplete.

Though I haven't looked at the Wikipedia you use in Slovakia so that may be more accurate.
 
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SchumacherM

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>Though I haven't looked at the Wikipedia you use in Slovakia so that may be more accurate.
>haven't looked at the Wikipedia you use in Slovakia
>you use in Slovakia .
>Slovakia


Srs'd though...I merely confirmed your original point, went through some internet and it seems that GM actually did something pioneering. In a good way.
 

argatoga

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What point? It is a genuine question.
 

JipJopJones

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I think you're right, the Corvair Monza was the first thing that came to my mind, and I can't really think of anything super mainstream before that.
 

Crazyjeeper

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I like the 1980 Firebird Turbo.



301 V8, 210hp but 345 torques.
 

Der Stig

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Started with the '82 GN, then ended with the '87 GNX, producing 276hp and 360ft/lbs.
 

CAPT_Howdy

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Actually, the last application was in the 1989 Pontiac Turbo Trans Am. The engine was rated at 250 hp, but most people felt that rating was a bit modest and the actual output was closer to 300 hp. Considering it was faster than the Corvette of the day, they may have had a point.
 

GRtak

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Faster overall speed or quicker to 60? If I remeber right, the Vette of the day had less that 250 hp so that would probably make the turbo TA better in both regardes.
 

Hemihead

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I was thinking of the SAAB 99 Turbo, Wikipedia says "The Saab 99 turbo was one of the first "family cars" to be fitted with a turbo after the 1962-63 Oldsmobile Turbo Jetfire." The first 99 Turbos surfaced in 1978.
 

CAPT_Howdy

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I was thinking of the SAAB 99 Turbo, Wikipedia says "The Saab 99 turbo was one of the first "family cars" to be fitted with a turbo after the 1962-63 Oldsmobile Turbo Jetfire." The first 99 Turbos surfaced in 1978.
The other "family cars" would have been the Buick Regal, Century, and LeSabre Turbo Coupes. Buick got into turbocharging in a big way in the late 1970s - to the point where a Turbo Century paced the Indianapolis 500 in 1976.

(God, I'm starting to sound like PunisherBass.)
 

marcos_eirik

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The Porsche 930 is also what you could call an early Turbocharged car...



This was of course the first 911 Turbo, the 3,0 without the later 3,3's intercooler:



Twin turbo charged 917 engine Porsche used to campaign the 1972 and 1973 CanAm series:





And in here you find out what it did...
 

Adunaphel

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This thread needs more BMW 2002 Turbo.



Introduced in 1973, it predates the 930 by a couple years.

The 930 was however pretty significant in a number of ways. Porsche pioneered the air-to-air intercooler on the 3.3l model.

Another car of note is the Shelby CSX-VNT, the first production car to use a variable-nozzle turbo
 

CAPT_Howdy

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Faster overall speed or quicker to 60? If I remember right, the Vette of the day had less that 250 hp so that would probably make the turbo TA better in both regardes.
I forget what the top speed was, but Car & Driver recorded a 0-60 time of 4.6 seconds. AFAIK, that is the fastest 0-60 time for any factory Trans Am. And the 1989 Corvette had 245 hp from the L98, getting up to 250 hp in 1990-91.
 

CAPT_Howdy

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Does anybody else think it's weird that the first air-cooled, rear mounted turbocharged flat six engine was in a Chevy, of all things?
 
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