In aggregate, the phase-out led to an increase in CO2 emissions of 36.3 Mt per year. This corresponds to a 13% increase relative to the scenario without the nuclear phase-out.
This increase in CO2 emissions was primarily attributable to an increase in emissions from hard coal plants of 25.8 Mt, with lignite and gas making up the remainder. Valuing carbon emissions at a social cost of carbon of $50/tCO2, the phase-out results in estimated climate change damages of $1.8 billion.
The phase-out also led to a roughly 12% increase in the total emissions of each the three local air pollutants we consider (SO2, NOx, and PM).
Put another way, the phase-out resulted in more than 1,100 additional deaths per year from increased concentrations of SO2, NOx, and PM. The increase in production from hard coal plants is again the key driver here, making up roughly 80% of the increase in mortality impacts.
Based on increases in energy importation from France and energy generation via Natural Gas the latter now resulting on a dependence and reliance relationship of said Natural Gas from the Russians. Sounds like a great strategy moving forward.Based on what?
At least some RWE person started prominently this week that there’s no way they’re going to run nuclear any longer than currently planned or sth along those lines.As 2022 approaches, perhaps Germany should at least open the floor to considerations about construction of new, safer nuclear power plants.
At least some RWE person started prominently this week that there’s no way they’re going to run nuclear any longer than currently planned or sth along those lines.